The calciferol receptor (VDR) is a healthy proteins that is activated by calciferol. It is linked to maintaining the mineral balance in the body and contributing to growth and hair expansion. It also treats adipose muscle.

VDRs are expressed inside the parathyroid glands, intestines, epithelial skin cells, and many immune cell types. They are considered to regulate the intestinal consumption of calcium mineral, and to mediate some of the associated with vitamin D upon bone routine service. Also, they are thought to perform an important function in metabolic process.

VDR can be found in a variety of damaged tissues, including epithelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and skin keratinocytes. However , they are really most widely portrayed in the kidneys and our bones.

The VDR is phosphorylated upon serine residues by a couple of protein kinases. These kinases include PKA and PKC. The effect of such kinases on VDR is certainly ligand based. Specifically, the phosphorylation of Ser51 by simply PKC decreased VDR nuclear localization. Likewise, phosphorylation of Ser182 by PKA reduced RXR heterodimerization.

Studies have shown that VDRs can be found in a subset of glial cells, particularly in oligodendrocytes in white subject. Although VDR immunoreactivity has been found in a number of glial cell lines, no research has been offered that the presence of VDR in glia is a cause for increased likelihood of tumorigenesis.

In addition , VDR appears to be present in a subset of neurons. In fact , nuclear discoloration has been exhibited in human being cortex and glial cell-lines.

A large 220-kDa protein can be found in human principal glioblastoma skin cells. In contrast, a tiny recombinant VDR-like protein was produced.

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